Just Hanging (no.11 of 16, from the series, Do Not Abandon Me)
Born in Paris, France in 1911, passed away in New York in 2010. Bourgeois received a degree in mathematics from the Sorbonne University in 1935 before transitioning to art, She studied at various art schools, including École du Louvre (1935-1936), Académie Ranson (1936-1937), École des Beaux-Arts (1936-1938), Académie Julian (1938), and Académie de la Grande Chaumière (1937-1938). Meanwhile, she studied under Fernand Léger, a leading Fauve painter, among other notable artists. She then moved to New York in 1938 upon her marriage to the American art historian Robert Goldwater. During her time in Paris, Bourgeois was highly dissatisfied with the deep-rooted feudal patriarchal spirit in society and family environment. She continued to resist her limitations as a woman by excelling in her academic and art talents. She studied Fauvism, Cubism, Surrealism, and various contemporary art movements which were at the forefront of modern art. Socially, she survived with her strong will from the social upheavals of World War II and the May 1968 protest. With the spirit of fighting against oppression, many of her works reveal a strong feminist nature which succeeds the spirit of proto-feminists in the art industry, such as Georgia O'Keeffe and Agnes Martin. It can be said that she is a revolutionary who continued to pave the way as a direct pioneer of the feminist art movement, reaching its peak as a movement in the 1970s and 1980s. Her status as a female contemporary artist or rather as one of the greatest sculptors of the 20th century, is now firmly established. It is no exaggeration to say that her work must be included in every major international contemporary art collection and institute. Even after her passing, exhibitions continue to be held, with ongoing evaluations and research into her work.