Jane Fonda (F. & S. II. 268)
Andy Warhol was born in 1928 in Pittsburgh, USA. Raised in a family of Eastern European immigrants, he initially pursued a successful career as a commercial illustrator in New York, drawing pictures of products for magazines and advertisements, and working on window displays. In 1962, Warhol held his first solo exhibition as an artist at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles. His works produced through the streamlined process of photographic silkscreen printing brought innovation to the art world. Warhol also revolutionized art by becoming a founding figure of the “Pop Art” movement, employing everyday items such as Campbell's soup cans and Brillo boxes as motifs in his work. Warhol’s representative works such as portraits of Marilyn Monroe, 100 Soup Cans, 100 Coke Bottles, 100 Dollar Bills etc. which were exhibited at his one-man show at New York’s Stable Gallery, would come to be recognized as iconic monuments of Pop Art, soon making him an iconic artist of the 1960s. While his works, mass-produced in his studio known as “The Factory,” were met with criticism from critics who regarded them as straight-forward reflections of mass-consumer society and the world of marketism, even such evaluation had simply contributed to raising his fame and recognition. Thereafter he produced a large number of “commissioned portraits” for wealthy patrons, stating in his 1975 autobiography The Philosophy of Andy Warhol, “Making money is art and working is art and good business is the best art.” Warhol was constantly active at the front-line, engaging with younger generations of artists such as Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring in the 1980s, yet at the same time he produced series of works that strongly draw awareness to his view of the world as a Christian as well as his own sexuality and thoughts on death. Warhol died in 1987 in New York. Among his many impressionable quotes, the following two seem to express the essence of Warhol as an artist, and also could be regarded as a prediction of the present age in which we live.“In the future, everyone will be world famous for 15 minutes.” “If you want to know all about Andy Warhol, just look at the surface of my paintings and films and me, and there I am. There’s nothing behind it.”